The Rigveda (means Knowledge of praise) is an old Indian gathering of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. It is one of the four accepted consecrated writings of Hinduism known as the Vedas. The content is an accumulation of 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses, sorted out into ten books (Mandalas). A decent arrangement of the dialect is as yet dark, and numerous songs as a result are muddled.
The psalms are committed to Rigvedic divinities. For every god arrangement, the songs advance from longer to shorter ones; and the quantity of psalms per book increments. In the eight books that were made the most punctual, the psalms dominatingly talk about cosmology and acclaim gods. Books 1 and 10, which were included last, manage philosophical or theoretical inquiries regarding the beginning of the universe and the idea of god, the uprightness of philanthropy in the public arena and other magical issues in its hymns. Rigveda is one of the most established surviving writings in any Indo-European dialect. Philological and etymological confirmation demonstrates that the Rigveda was made in the northwestern district of the Indian subcontinent, doubtlessly between c. 1500 and 1200 BC-however a more extensive guess of c. 1700– 1100 BC has additionally been given.
The underlying codification of the Rigveda occurred amid the early Kuru kingdom (c. 1200– 900 BCE). A portion of its verses keep on being recounted amid Hindu soul changing experiences festivities, for example, weddings and supplications, making it presumably the world’s most seasoned religious content in proceeded with utilize.
The Yajurveda (knowledge of composition mantra) is the Veda of exposition mantras. An old Vedic Sanskrit content, it is an arrangement of custom offering recipes that were said by a cleric while an individual performed custom activities, for example, those before the yajna fire. Yajurveda is one of the four Vedas, and one of the sacred texts of Hinduism. The correct century of Yajurveda’s sythesis is obscure, and evaluated by researchers.
The Yajurveda is comprehensively assembled into two – the “black” (Krishna) Yajurveda and the “white” (Shukla) Yajurveda. The expression “dark” infers “the un-masterminded, hazy, diverse accumulation” of verses in Yajurveda, as opposed to the “white” which suggests the “all around orchestrated, clear” Yajurveda. The dark Yajurveda has made due in four recensions, while two recensions of white Yajurveda have made due into the advanced circumstances.
The soonest and most antiquated layer of Yajurveda samhita incorporates around 1,875 verses, that are particular yet obtain and expand upon the establishment of verses in Rigveda.The center layer incorporates the Satapatha Brahmana, one of the biggest Brahmana messages in the Vedic gathering. The most youthful layer of Yajurveda content incorporates the biggest gathering of essential Upanishads, compelling to different schools of Hindu logic. These incorporate the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the Isha Upanishad, the Taittiriya Upanishad, the Katha Upanishad, the Shvetashvatara Upanishad and the Maitri Upanishad.
The Samaveda (knowledge of song) is the Veda of melodies and chants. It is an ancient Vedic Sanskrit language text, and part of the scriptures of Hinduism. One of the four Vedas, it is a liturgical text which consists of 1,549 verses. Except 75 verses rest have been taken from the Rigveda. Three recensions of the Samaveda have survived, and variant manuscripts of the Veda have been found in various parts of India.While its earliest parts are believed to date from as early as the Rigvedic period, the existing compilation dates from the post-Rigvedic Mantra period of Vedic Sanskrit, c. 1200 or 1000 BCE, but roughly contemporary with the Atharvaveda and the Yajurveda.
While its earliest parts are believed to date from as early as the Rigvedic period, the existing compilation dates from the post-Rigvedic Mantra period of Vedic Sanskrit, 1200 or 1000 BCE, but roughly contemporary with the Atharvaveda and the Yajurveda.
Embedded inside the Samaveda is the widely studied Chandogyan Upanishad and Kena Upanishad, considered as primary Upanishads and as influential on the six schools of Hindu philosophy, particularly the Vedanta school. The classical Indian music and dance tradition considers the chants and melodies in Samaveda as one of its roots.
The Atharva Veda is the “knowledge storehouse of atharvaṇas, the procedures for everyday life”. The text is the fourth Veda, but has been a late addition to the Vedic scriptures of Hinduism.
The Atharvaveda is composed in Vedic Sanskrit, and it is a collection of 730 hymns with about 6,000 mantras divided into 20 books. About a sixth of the Atharvaveda text adapts verses from the Rigveda, and except for Books 15 and 16, the text is in poem form deploying a diversity of Vedic matters.
Two different recensions of the text – the Paippalada and the Saunakiya – have survived into modern times. Reliable manuscripts of the Paippalada edition were believed to have been lost, but a well-preserved version was discovered among a collection of palm leaf manuscripts in Odisha in 1957.
The Atharvaveda is sometimes called the “Veda of magical formulas”, an epithet declared to be incorrect by other scholars. In contrast to the ‘hieratic religion’ of the other three Vedas, the Atharvaveda is said to represent a ‘popular religion’, incorporating not only formulas for magic, but also the daily rituals for initiation into learning (upanayana), marriage and funerals. Royal rituals and the duties of the court priests are also included in the Atharvaveda.
The Atharvaveda was likely compiled as a Veda contemporaneously with Samaveda and Yajurveda, or about 1200 BC – 1000 BC.Along with the Samhita layer of text, the Atharvaveda includes a Brahmana text, and a final layer of the text that covers philosophical speculations. The latter layer of Atharvaveda text includes three primary Upanishads, influential to various schools of Hindu philosophy. These include the Mundaka Upanishad, the Mandukya Upanishad and the Prashna Upanishad.
I advice you to first read very important book named ‘Introduction to the Commentary on the 4 Vedas’. This book is the master key to Vedas, I request you to first read this book before start reading the Vedas, beacause it is introduction to them, and we should have basic knowledge about the Vedas before reading them.